Plastics short and long-term effects on the environment - our environment - is after all awful. It litters our oceans, kills our marine ecosytems and takes centuries to degrade. Most countries don't have the will, infrastructure or finances to recycle or reuse it, with only 9% of plastic recycled globally. Up to eight million tonnes of plastic is dumped into the oceans every year, each piece of plastic ever made - unless it's been burned – still exists on our planet today and, scientists at Ghent University in Belgium recently calculated that people who eat seafood could ingest up to 11,000 tiny pieces of plastics every year.
There has been a lot of bandwagon jumping, and a lot of well-meaning PR wins by supermarkets and producers about how they will reduce their plastic packing by 2020, or 2025, or 2035 or whatever (question - why the hell wasn't this previously a central part of their business and CSR model!?). Already though, it feels like the moment is slipping past and, beyond that brief blip where it's the topic closest to everyone's hearts, the media focus has moved on to other things; in our day to day life we can see that, frankly, not too much has changed.
So it falls upon us as individuals - as travellers - to maintain the focus and help spread the word in a more grassroots way.
Plastic is not something we think is universally bad. Even the environmental campaign group 'A Plastic Planet' notes its "astounding properties" and essential role in much of what keeps us alive, happy and civilised. Some of the items on this very list are actually made of plastic. However, humanity's fundamental relationship with plastic has clearly become toxic and utterly unsustainable.
We all need to take steps to minimise our overall usage and only take the plastic option when there's no better alternative.
At Along Dusty Roads, we have always been aware of our plastic footprint, but we haven't always made consistent and active decisions to find alternative options to help us reduce it. On that Latin America trip, for example, we said no to plastic bags most of the time and used our own canvas bag for shopping. We tried to buy large gallon containers of water and fill from there into our smaller plastic bottles, rather than buy lots and lots of 1 litre bottles. But we know we could have done so much much more to minimise our reliance on single-use and disposable plastic products whilst travelling long-term.
We could have packed better, we could have prepared better and we could have done more.
So, we have now invested in a few items to help us do just that on our future short and long-term travels. Listing them here, amongst a handful of other tips we've picked up over the years, we hope that we can give you some practical, affordable and realistic suggestions for your own packing list to help you use less plastic when you travel (and whilst you're at home too).
We aren't trying to go zero plastic. As ever, it's impossible to always use an alternative, compromises may have to be made on the road and the impact we each make by changing some of our habits may be small and, at times, feel utterly insignificant. However, we know that if the thousands of travellers who read this website each day can each make a small positive impact - and help persuade others to make the change - then together we can do something powerful.
It's time for us to take responsibility.
SWITCH TO A BAMBOO TOOTHBRUSH
Emily's mother has a problem with toothbrushes. Clearly a stain upon her otherwise impeccable bathroom, we've lost count of the number that disappear, seemingly into the abyss, between our visits. Apart from being bloody annoying when we intentionally left our regular ones in London, from an unecessary-plastic-entering-the-local-dump point of view, it's pretty bloody awful for the environment.
To be honest, the humble plastic toothbrush wasn't actually something we thought too much about until relatively recently. Now it pains us to think of how many have ended up in landfill over the years.
Thankfully, there is a much, much better alternative available: the bamboo toothbrush.
Made from the fastest growing plant in the world, it literally couldn't be more sustainable or bio-degradable.
DITCH THE PLASTIC BOTTLE AND GO FOR A REFILLABLE ONE
The world uses on average 1 million plastics bottles an hour. That's a lot right?
Well, it's actually 1 million plastic bottles A MINUTE, equating to 480 billion a year! Doesn't that just make you feel ill?
We now use two types of bottles for travel and back home. For travel, the BPA-free Water to go is a beast which is an essential item for anyone visiting countries where the water is questionable or officially not drinkable. Its in-built filters "remove bacteria, viruses, water borne disease, protozoa, heavy metals such as Lead and harmful chemicals", making water safe from virtually any source (including rivers or streams on hikes). Each filter treats either 130 or 200 litres of water, which equates to 260 or 400 single-use plastic water bottles!
We share their 75 cl bottle, which is best for hikes, adventures and long-term travel, and their smaller, clearGo! Bottle which is better for day-to-day use.
When in London, or if we're travelling in a country or in a style which means there are no issues with accessing safe drinking water, then we also have a sleek refillable glass water bottle like this.
Another benefit of carrying your own refillable bottles when you travel is that you can save a lot of money, particularly in airports. Simply make sure the bottle is empty before you pass through security and then fill it up on other side at a fountain, or ask kindly at certain cafes to do it for free. Note, Andrew always forgets to drink all the water until he's in line going through airport security....this inevitably means he's bursting for the bathroom before our plane's even taken off!
If you have to purchase a disposable plastic bottle, then try to buy the largest possible and reuse it.
We have secured an exclusive 15% discount for our readers for purchases at Water-to-Go. Simply visit their website here and use the code 'ADR15' when buying your new bottle.
CARRY A CANVAS BAG
Every year, roughly 102.1 billion plastic bags are used by Americans. One out of every ten items picked up in an International Coastal Cleanup in 2009 was a plastic bag, making it the second most common kind of ocean waste.
There really is no excuse for using plastic bags in 2018.
On the road, we always have a canvas bag rolled up in our day packs which we can use for carrying food shopping or spontanenous purposes. It's lightweight, doesn't take up any room and is easy to store. When travelling, buying loose fruit and veg from markets is not only a more fun option, but it also means you cut plastic out of the transaction (and you can say no if the stall holder asks if you want to produce put in a plastic bag).
This one is the perfect canvas bag for travellers, or you can bring one you have lying around at home.
Cotton/canvas is a more sustainable material, but we do know that some of our readers like Chico bags, which are sourced from recycled material fold into a small pouch when not in use.
SAY NO TO STRAWS
Nothing better sums up how toxic our relationship with single-use plastic has become than straws. They're cheap, we hardly ever need them, but they're used often without a second thought. And, after that drink is finished, they're tossed away and end up in landfill or in the ocean. According to Eunomia Research & Consulting, the UK alone throws away 8.5 billion each year.
For many, it is now the 'last straw'.
Personally, we try to say no to straws at home and abroad. However, we know some people do like to use them (is a mojito even a mojito if you don't suck it up through a straw?) and, if you're travelling with children, not using a straw can be a guaranteed tantrum starter! For medical reasons, some simply have to use a straw when they drink.
In that case, invest in an easily reusable bamboo straw or metal straw alternative; each is easy to store and carry.
Anyone who has spent more than a couple of nights in a hostel will know what a godsend having your own tupperware can be for when you have leftovers. For us, it's also a really handy multifunction item on our packing list to use for our packed lunches on day trips, hiking journeys or long distance bus journeys. If you think it will result in wasted space in your backpack, then simply use it to store boxy items when it's got nothing else to go in it.
From tried-and-tested tupperware usage on the road, trust us when we say that you would be foolish to take any tupperware that doesn't have a clip top lid. Otherwise, leakage is inevitable and NOBODY wants to discover all their clothes covered in last night's curry
DITCH THE TAMPONS FOR A MENSTRUAL CUP
One tiny silicon cup that can be used again and again and again. It's easy to use, hygenic, good for your bank balance, easy to store when not in use and excellent for the environment, which is incredibly compact.
*Use sanitary towels? They're even worse, being made of 90% plastic - the equivalent of 5 plastic bags in each one!
SKIP DISPOSABLE RAZORS
Razors are expensive. And so, that's why the budget choice is to buy a pack of 5 or 10 plastic disposable ones - good for a couple of uses, you can just chuck them away. Of course, this is only adding to the problem of plastic waste.
Andrew now gets his razors from Cornerstone, which delivers them through the mail. In your first delivery, you get a personally engraved German-engineered steel handle and six quality blades for 150 INR, and then the blades get sent out at regular intervals depending on how hirsute you are. Although it isn't a perfect long-term environmental solution, it works out as cheap as buying the disposable ones, and instantly reduces your yearly plastic footprint.
A REUSABLE CUP FOR COFFEE
Firstly, we have so few takeaway coffees (and when we do , they're often very spur of the moment) that we're not sure it's worth in investing in something that we're unlikely to actually carry with us. Secondly, we honestly believe that the onus and easiest fix to the disposable coffee cup culture which large coffee shop chains created and profit from is for them to make single use coffee cups that ARE sustainably-sourced and recyclable.
So, the first step is to try and replicate that behaviour and simply have a coffee in a ceramic or glass cup in the cafe (which often doubles up as a nice cultural experience or insight in a new place). If, however, you know that you use a lot of paper coffee cups, then it is definitely worth investing in a reusable cup.
DRINK MORE BEER
It isn't just bottled water which results in a huge result of plastic waste. All those soft drinks (which Emily consumes far too much of when we're anywhere hot) are more often than not encased in a plastic bottle. Soft drinks companies are actually amongst the worst offenders for some of the world's plastic waste. According to Greenpeace, Coca-cola alone produces more than 100bn throwaway plastic bottles every year - that's 3,400 a second. The world's top six drinks companies "use a combined average of just 6.6% of recycled Pet in their products, a third have no targets to increase their use of recycled plastic and none are aiming to use 100% across their global production."
As with coffee cups, we feel that the main responsibility for change here lies with the companies themselves.
However, until that change arrives, we think that the greener alternative is to drink beer. After all, those glass bottles and aluminium cans are much less toxic and much easier to recycle!
THINK ABOUT TOILETRIES
Okay, we're not complete martyrs. If we're staying in a particularly fancy hotel, we will occasionally indulge in the teeny tiny shampoos and shower gels on offer - after all, who doesn't want to smell like wheatgrass and honeycomb!? But, when travelling short or long-term, the best plastic reduction move is to shun the mini-bottles on offer and use your own.
For every trip we take, we use refillable travel toiletry bottles. These meet all the size requirements for security, whilst allowing us to fill up our shower gel, face wash, shampoo and conditioner from our bigger bottles at home. It ends up being signifcantly cheaper for you and isn't actually an inconvenience.
PAPER COTTON BUDS
“It’s a photo that I wish didn’t exist but now that it does I want everyone to see it. What started as an opportunity to photograph a cute little sea horse turned into one of frustration and sadness as the incoming tide brought with it countless pieces of trash and sewage. This photo serves as an allegory for the current and future state of our oceans.”
You've seen the photo of the teeniest-tiniest seahorse with a discard cotton bud right?
We know we can't be the only ones that spend a day at the beach and feel like there's a million pieces of sand floating around inside our ear. And whilst we technically know that you're not supposed to put a cotton bud into your ear, well, we totally do it anyway (come on, don't tell us you don't).
One thing we do always do these days however, is make sure that that cotton bud contains no plastic. Lots of the big brands are catching on to this and switching out the plastic for paper, but cheaper brands in particular are stubbornly refusing to change.
Please buy the sustainable plastic free alternative
SAY NO TO THINGS
We would by lying if we said that we stick to these steps 100%. In fact, it's almost impossible to do that. However, we hope that it has given you some ideas on how we can all question our use of plastic, and reduce it by using alternatives when we travel and in our day-to-day lives. It can be disheartening reading too much about the issue, but we can all make positive changes.
In 2018, we're choosing to make that change permanent on our travels.
One underlying principle which we should all try and bring with us on the road is to say no certain things. It's a slow shift, but with less usage, there's less demand and, ultimately, less supply. So, unless you have no other option, just say no to plastic products which are unnecessary.
Don't use the plastic toothpick, ask for no straw, avoid styrofoam like the plague, say no to the plastic bag. If you're on a beach or on a hike, pick up a few items of trash (within reason and hygiene considerations) to stop them ending up in the ocean or a stream.
They're small steps. But, if we all take them and spread the word to others, we can be part of the solution rather than the problem.